Goals of psychology

Before going to know the major four goals of psychology, we’ll let you know what psychology.

The Definition of Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior but it doesn’t mean that psychology is all about reading minds and trying to control other self.

Reading mind? Yeah, psychology is not for mind reading. While you might understand what psychology is? And what it does? What are its goals and its importance?  You need to start it from the History of Psychology.

Let’s take a closer look at the

goals of psychology

Major Four Goals of Psychology

Psychology is a science which understands individual’s emotions. Here we are discussing the basic four goals of psychology.


Describing an issue or problematic behavior is the 1st major goal of psychology. Descriptions help psychologists to differentiate between abnormal and normal behavior in addition to benefit a greater accurate understanding and angle of human and animal behavior, actions and thoughts. An expansion of studies techniques which include case research, surveys, self-exams and the natural statement is used to achieve this goal.

goals of psychology-what is psychology


The second one purpose of goals of psychology becomes explaining the conduct or phenomenon that was described. Psychologists who are cover this goal attempt to find out why such behavior occurs. They take help of existing theories and understanding to explain or understand behavior. In a few instances if there aren’t any theories or researchers that can give an explanation for such conduct psychologists make tentative statements and try to test such hypothesis.

This allows in presenting solutions to questions about why humans react in such way, why they do the matters they do and the factors which have an effect on personality, mental health, moves and so forth.

Have you ever heard of Pavlov’s dog experiment? Pavlov noticed that his dog had been salivating because of the result of a stimulus – the lab assistant approaching – before food changed into even offered to them. This observation acted as a description of what was going on. As soon as psychologists can describe a behavior or phenomenon, they are able to use that as a foundation for studying extra approximately that behavior. And yes, many psychologists have studied animals on the way to analyze more approximately human behavior.


Based totally on beyond observed behavior, a psychologist goal to predict how that behavior will seem once more in the future and if different people will reveal the same behavior. Pavlov expected that the brand new impartial stimulus – the bell – would emerge as a conditioned stimulus if he presented it with food enough times. Positive sufficient, after providing the puppies with food at the equal time the bell was sounded; he turned into able to the situation the puppies to salivate whilst the bell rang even if they weren’t supplied with meals. This discovery held quite a few importance within the world of psychology and allowed many humans to steer the behavior of others.


This final goal is the most vital intention in psychology. It works to effect and result in changes in people’s lives and impact their behavior. The fourth purpose of psychology is to manipulate, regulate or alternate the prevailing behavior. The behaviors that need to be corrected are modified through the assist of psychological techniques. Handiest psychologists who work in carrying out are of psychology are involved with controlling the behaviours. Psychologists running in theoretical or basic are best worried about first three goals of psychology.


Those four major goals are designed to enhance a person’s existence and bring about wonderful modifications via hunting down poor matters.

Psychology has not only these four goals its works in many other fields.

Psychology is a big subject matter and conveying the depth of the problem can be hard. As a result, some of the wonderful fields of psychology have emerged to cope with specific subtopics in the take a look at of the thoughts, mind, and conduct.

The subsequent are just a number of the vital fields of psychology. For plenty of those specifically regions, greater graduate observes in that unique region is needed. It helps us in abnormal psychology, Counseling psychology, Experimental psychology, Forensic Psychology.


When we talk about goals of psychology than its necessary to talk about “Psychopathology” a mental illness-mental stress, Psychology Disorders.

Let’s have a brief look at psychological disorder:

The psychological disorder is infrequently used to refer to what is more often known as mental disorders or psychiatric disorders. Mental disorders are a behavioral pattern or psychological signs that impact more than one areas of individual’s life. These issues create misery for the man or woman experiencing these signs. Here is a list of Psychological Disorder.

  1. Acute Stress Disorder
  2. Passive Aggressive Personality Disorder
  3. How to Deal With Neurosis
  4. Conduct Disorder
  5. Social Anxiety Disorder
  6. Hypersomnolence
  7. Dependent Personality Disorder
  8. Persistent Depressive Disorder
  9. Intrusive thoughts
  10. Hebephilia
  11. Stendhal Syndrome

Many scholars wrote different theory about the mental and behavioral process, thinking process, motivational process, brain working and Personality but Sigmund Freud makes his name in the psychology.

Sigmund Freud is the father of psychology who wrote many theories some of those are Psychoanalytic Theory .Defense Mechanism is one of the great contributions of Sigmund Freud. In which he said that we unconsciously avoid the anxiety.

Psychology of personality

Persona is described as the set of routine behaviors, cognition and emotional patterns that evolve environmental and biological factors. While there’s no generally agreed upon definition of persona, most theories focus on motivation and mental interactions with one’s environment.

Raymond Cattell defines personality as the tendencies that predict a person’s behavior. The trait-primarily based approach has yielded many conceptions of persona, along with some of